Against the Current, No. 39, July/
— The Editors
Race, Class and Rage
— Dolores Trevizo
Crips and Bloods Speak for Themselves
— Voices from South Central
— an interview with Roy Hong
A Diversity of Viewpoints and Generations
— an interview with Julie Noh
Koreans Weren't Special Targets
— an interview with Kyung Kyu Lim
Without Larger Programs, There Are No Solutions
— an interview with Kye Young Park
Police Riot in San Francisco
— Cheryl Christensen
Realities of the Rebellion
— Mike Davis
Class and the Glass Fortress
— Don Sherman
Time for a New Party
— Ron Daniels
Beyond '92: For a Labor Party
— Tony Mazzocchi
UAW and the "Cat" Defeat
— Earl Silber and Steven Ashby
- UAW Announces In-Plant Strategy
Women in the ex-USSR Today
— Anastasia Posadskaya
Bernard Chidzero: Portrait of a Comprador
— Patrick Bond and Tendai Biti
Background on Zimbabwe
— David Finkel
The Rebel Girl: Fitness or Exploitation?
— Catherine Sameh
Random Shots: In the Year of the Perot
— R.F. Kampfer
The Austin Hormel Strike Revisited
— Roger Horowitz
Movements of the Unemployed
— Dianne Feeley
- In Memoriam
Celia Stodola Wald 1946-1992
— Patrick M. Quinn
UNDER BRITISH COLONIAL rule, Zimbabwe was called “Southern Rhodesia” and part of “Federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland” (now Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi).
In 1965, the whites in Southern Rhodesia issued a Unilateral Declaration of Independence for white-ruled state called Rhodesia. It was led by Prime Minister Ian Smith’s Rhodesian Front party from 1965-79, in defiance of United Nations declarations and despite (widely busted) international sanctions.
The national liberation movement in Zimbabwe consisted mainly of two armed movements, Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) led by Robert Mugabe and Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU) led by Joshua Nkomo. ZANU enjoyed support from the majority Shona tribes, presented a more radical program and gained some support from China, while ZAPU was based among the Ndebele peoples, received military-political support from the Soviet Union and African National Congress and was generally favored by western capital (although the latter also cultivated ties with ZANU).
During the course of the liberation war ZANU and ZAPU formed (mainly on ZANU’s initiative) a shaky alliance called the Patriotic Front, after which ZANU usually called itself ZANU(PF). Following an international settlement of the liberation war called the Lancaster House accords, ZANU won a sweeping victory in the 1980 elections and has dominated the politics of independent Zimbabwe, absorbing ZAPU in the late 1980s to consolidate a single-party state.
Further background and analysis appears in Zimbabwe’s Independence Without Socialism by John Pape, Against the Current 21 (July-August 1989).
July-August 1992, ATC 39