Against the Current, No. 143, November/December 2009
Reform Is Not A Tea Party
— The Editors
Right-Wing Assault, Liberal Retreat
— Malik Miah
Mexico's PATCO Moment?
— Dan La Botz
South African Workers Tackle Neoliberalism
— Patrick Bond & Azwell Banda
A Critical Defense of Charter '08
— Au Loong-yu
On Darwin's 200th Anniversary
— Ansar Fayyazuddin
On Nelson Algren's Centenary
— Nathaniel Mills
- Spain's Revolution and Tragedy
Introduction to Spain's Revolution & Tragedy
— David Finkel, for the ATC Editors
Remembering Spain's Revolution
— Jane Slaughter
A Classic Study Revisited
— Gerd-Rainer Horn
Chronicles from the Front
— Reiner Tosstorff
The Journey of James Neugass
— Alan Wald
Introduction to The POUM's Seven Decades
— The ATC Editors
The POUM's Seven Decades
— Wilebaldo Solano
Fighting Lynch Laws in America
— Gerald Meyer
Chronicling Labor's Crisis
— Dan Clawson
Tearing Down the Gates?
— Debby Pope
The Politics of Surrealism
— Amanda Armstrong
Looking at Che Guevara
— Kit Adam Wainer
Theories of Stalinism
— Paul Le Blanc
- In Memoriam
Leon Despres, Chicago Rebel
— Frank Fried
Indy's Lucas Oil Stadium Revisited
— George Fish
- Letters to Against the Current
A Letter on Cuba
— Barry Sheppard
A Brief Rejoinder
— Frank Thompson
THE HEAT IS on the Obama administration. The energized conservative base has taken over town hall meetings on health care. There are “birthers,” “deathers” and just pure haters. President Obama has been personally attacked as a racist, socialist, communist, Stalinist, fascist, Nazi, Pol Potist, foreigner and every other name the right finds in its vocabulary.
Senior citizens are panicked by accusations that Obama’s attempt to bring about near universal heath coverage as a threat to their own — government-run — Medicare program. Some veterans under a single-payer Veteran Administration program are complaining that “socialism” is behind Obama’s health plans.
Former President Jimmy Carter called these right wing attacks “predominantly racist” in nature. Since the base of the Republican Party is strongest in the Old Confederate states of the Deep South, Carter — a former governor of Georgia — tends to know what he’s talking about.
Others reject this, claiming that George W. Bush was demonized too. But no previous president was ever attacked because of his race and had lawsuits filed asserting he was not born as an American. Obama for his part has downplayed the issue, quipping to a late-night TV host that “I was Black before the election” when a majority of Americans elected him as president.
Of course, as the first president who is African American, Barack Obama has had to play down his race even when discussing racism and discrimination — while never denying that history. His July speech to the 100th anniversary convention of the NAACP, the nation’s oldest civil rights organization, was a strong defense of the civil rights movement and pointed to the United States’ long history of slavery and racism. Yet the speech was barely covered by the mainstream media, which has a habit of downplaying the issue of race except when it is used as a slander by the right.
Van Jones and ACORN
The viciousness of the right-wing forces is most evident when the demagogues go after Black activists like Van Jones of San Francisco. Jones was forced out of his environmental advisory job for the White House in September after being attacked for derogatory comments about Republicans, and signing a petition in 2004 questioning why the September 11 terrorist attack took place.
The community organizing group ACORN (Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now) was targeted by the Republicans in 2008 for its voter registration efforts in poor communities. Slanders and lies of voter fraud were played up by the right and then picked up by the mainstream media. The right has been after ACORN even falsely claiming Obama worked for the group. One would think ACORN had committed torture and other crimes against humanity.
The assault led to ACORN’s entrapment by conservative activists in September that caused most liberals to drop their support for the organization. Congress, banks and others that had been working with ACORN on housing and voter issues broke ties and Congress, including most Democrats, voted to “defund” the organization in September.
Formed in 1970 in Little Rock, Arkansas, ACORN has registered over one million poor, mostly Africa-American voters over the years. It has helped thousands facing foreclosures. Neither Van Jones nor ACORN have ever been convicted of crimes like those committed by the war contractors such as the private security firm Blackwater that is still in the employ of the State Department and Pentagon.
Yet most liberals quickly capitulated to the right instead of standing against these smears and attacks. What’s common — and outrageous — about these slanders is the failure of the Obama administration and mainstream liberal allies to stand up for those being demonized.
The real crime of Van Jones was not his comments, but his history of militant activism. ACORN’s rap sheet is that it fights for the poor. It is an important community-based group that deserves support.
Roots of Anger
It is important to recognize that the superheated attacks on Obama are not primarily due to conscious thought-out Klan-type bigotry. An undercurrent of deep racism does exist, yet it would be a mistake to read all the tea bag supporters as racists.
The main issue motivating the anger is the “liberal agenda” (support for more government intervention) promoted by Obama. For some 30 years, Republicans beginning with Ronald Reagan and Democrats afterwards, have denounced “big government.” The ideological shift to the right on this issue allows the conservative extremists to confuse most Americans, particularly whites, to believe the government is the problem. (Many middle-class minorities hold the same view of government.)
There is a fundamental difference, however, between right and left populism. Rightist critics of capitalist inequities see the government, independent of class, as the real enemy, stealing hard-earned money from working people to redistribute to the undeserving and shiftless poor (read: undocumented immigrants, Blacks and Latinos).
That demagoguery taps into the bigotry of an extreme white racist minority — a smaller proportion of U.S. society than ever in history. The Republicans in 2008 also used the race card and called Obama “the other” and “paling around with terrorists.” But it didn’t work.
The bulk of opposition is aimed at the greed and corporate welfare programs (millions to Wall Street and Corporate America) as the working class suffers home foreclosures and loss of jobs. The right has been able to tie Wall Street and fear of government together, and seize center stage.
At the infamous town hall meetings in August, the so-called non-profit conservative foundations (e.g. Freedom Works) effectively tapped that misguided anti-government sentiment. They were able to mobilize many white working- and middle-class Americans to attend these meetings. The theme at all events was simple: “stop a government takeover” of everything.
Fox News, owned by Australian-born billionaire Rupert Murdoch, promoted the “tea party” revolt including the September 12 march on Washington. Glenn Beck, a Fox talk show host with a bestselling book, summarizes this sentiment as “Wall Street owns our government. Our government and these gigantic corporations have merged.”
Michael Moore’s new movie, “Capitalism: A Love Story,” hits on many of the same populist themes. Moore — an ardent and genuine liberal — directs his criticism at both the Republicans and Democrats. He fingers all those who have been bought and paid for by the banks, insurance companies, drug cartels and other wealthy corporate types. The difference is that Moore sees government playing a positive role in health care and for society as a whole.
Recognizing the Contradictions
Another source of white anxiety (a circling the wagons mentality) is the changing demographics of the country. The trend is not new but in times of economic uncertainty it becomes an easy target of rightist demagogues.
In 1970 whites made up 87.5% of the U.S. population. Some 30 years later in 2000 whites were 77.5% of the population and the percentage decline continues as the African-American, Latino and Asian American populations grow.
The African-American population in 2000 was 36.7 million, Latino population 44.3 million. In 1969 there were 9.6 million residents who were foreign born. In 2006 the figure had rose to 37 million. By 2050 whites will fall below 50%.
The conservatives take these statistics and twist them (classic scare-mongering) to warn white Americans that they are “losing their country.” It is a “fact” to older whites that to be an American means to be white with a Euro-centric outlook. Every one else is a hyphenated American.
The Obama election showed how much that view of the world is an outdated assumption. The younger generations reject that narrow-minded pre-civil rights attitude about race and who is an American. Most young whites see Americans as an ethnic rainbow — based primarily on citizenship.
Liberalism versus Left “Populism”
The left unfortunately has failed to effectively tap the “middle class” anger and focus it against the system and push for progressive causes. The reason is because the left itself is divided, between the socialist left and the much larger liberal left.
The ideology of left liberalism cannot stand up to conservative extremism. Liberalism, like conservatism, supports the free market system and the “right” of Wall Street to make a decent profit. Liberalism, philosophically, supports a “fairer” market system. It is very difficult to build left-wing populism that concedes the “goodness” of capitalism.
A popular left-wing appeal cannot be rooted in liberal ideology. Left-wing (or socialist) “populism” must be based on the working class, the labor and progressive forces, seeking to take control of the economy, the government and crucial institutions for the good of the society as a whole.
The illusions in Obama and his neoliberal-centrist ideology and philosophy have made the once energized liberal left take a wait and see approach to how the legislative process plays out, conceding the streets and town hall meetings to the right.
While there continue to be important protests against the Iraq and Afghanistan wars demanding immediate withdrawal and supporting single payer healthcare, much of the effort is lobbying and hoping that Congress will stand up to the right.
The impasse of Obama’s brand of liberalism is not a surprise. He’s doing basically what he promised — protect and defend the interests of the political and economic system and U.S. imperial foreign policy.
A left-wing popular movement marching for its issues and against the right is well overdue. Unless that begins to develop, the rightist forces, including those with incipient fascist ideology, will continue to make political gains no matter how nutty their “birthers” and “deathers” views may seem. History teaches us the perils of underestimating reactionary forces.
ATC 143, November-December 2009